Khawaja Nazimuddin Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1951 to 1953

Khawaja Nazimuddin was a prominent political figure in the early years of Pakistan’s history. Here are some details about his life:

Khawaja Nazimuddin

Full Name: Khawaja Nazimuddin Birth: July 19, 1894 Death: October 22, 1964

Early Life and Education:

  • Khawaja Nazimuddin was born in Dacca (now Dhaka), which was part of British India at that time.
  • He came from an influential political and landowning family in Bengal.
  • He received his early education in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and later attended Aligarh Muslim University in India.

Political Career:

  • Khawaja Nazimuddin actively participated in the political movement for the creation of Pakistan.
  • After the establishment of Pakistan in 1947, he held various key positions in the government.
  • He served as the Chief Minister of East Bengal (present-day Bangladesh) from 1943 to 1945.
  • Khawaja Nazimuddin became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan and played a role in drafting the country’s constitution.
  • He served as the second Governor-General of Pakistan from 1948 to 1951.

Prime Minister of Pakistan:

  • Following the assassination of Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951, Khawaja Nazimuddin was appointed as the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • He served as Prime Minister from 1951 to 1953.
  • His tenure witnessed various challenges, including political and ethnic tensions, economic issues, and the imposition of martial law in Punjab.

Religious and Language Controversy:

  • Khawaja Nazimuddin’s time as Prime Minister was marked by controversies related to language and religion.
  • His government faced protests and unrest over the issue of making Urdu the sole national language of Pakistan, which led to the Lahore Resolution of 1953.
  • Additionally, he faced criticism from religious groups, particularly the anti-Ahmadiyya movement, for his handling of religious matters.

Later Years and Death:

  • After being removed from office as Prime Minister in 1953, Khawaja Nazimuddin remained active in politics.
  • He served as the Governor of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) from 1956 to 1958.
  • Khawaja Nazimuddin passed away on October 22, 1964, in Dacca (Dhaka).

Family of Khawaja Nazimuddin

Khawaja Nazimuddin came from a prominent political and landowning family in Bengal. Here is some information about his family:


  • His father, Khawaja Shahabuddin, was a prominent lawyer and politician in Bengal during the British Raj.

Marriage and Children:

  • Khawaja Nazimuddin married Begum Mahmudunnisa Khanum in 1913.
  • They had two sons, Khawaja Shahryar Khan and Khawaja Shahabuddin, and three daughters, Begum Nasim Aurangzeb, Begum Zakiya Bulbul, and Begum Tahira Majid Malik.


  • Khawaja Nazimuddin had a brother named Khawaja Shahabuddin, who also played a significant role in politics.


  • His nephew, Khawaja Shahid Hussain, served as a diplomat and held various diplomatic posts.

Khawaja Nazimuddin’s contributions to the early years of Pakistan’s history, both as a provincial leader and as Prime Minister, played a significant role in shaping the country’s political landscape.