Culture of the United States

 

The culture of the United States of America is
primarily of Western, and European origin, yet its influences includes the  societies of African American, Asian
American, Latin American, Native American, and Pacific Islander American
peoples and their  societies. The United
States has its own distinct social and artistic characteristics,  similar as 
shoptalk, music,  trades, social
habits, cookery, and  myth. The United
States is an ethnically and culturally different country as a result of large-
scale European immigration throughout its history, its hundreds of
indigenous  lines and  societies, and through African American
slavery followed by  liberation. America
is an anglophone country with a legal system 
deduced from English common law.

Origins, development, and spread


The European roots of the United States  appear with the English and Spanish settlers
of  social North America during British
and Spanish rule. The  kinds of English
people, as opposed to the other peoples on the British Islands, They constituted
60 of the whites at the first  tale in
1790(3.5 Welsh,8.5 Scotch Irish,4.3 Scots,4.7 Irish,7.2 German,2.7 Dutch,1.7
French and 2 Swedish). The English ethnical group contributed to the major
artistic and social mindset and  stations
that evolved into the American character. Of the total population in each
colony, they numbered from 30 in Pennsylvania to 85 in Massachusetts.
Largenon-English emigrant populations from the 1720s to 1775,  similar as the Germans(,000 or  further), Scotch Irish(,000), added fortified
and modified the English artistic substrate.The religious outlook was some  performances of Protestantism(1.6 of the
population were English, German and Irish Catholics).   Jeffersonian republic was a foundational
American artistic  invention, which is
still a core part of the country’s identity.

Major Artistic influences have been brought
by  literal immigration, especially from
Germany in  important of the country,
Ireland and Italy in the Northeast, Japan in Hawaii. Latin American culture is
especially pronounced in former Spanish areas but has also been introduced by
immigration, as have Asian American 
societies( especially in the Northeast and West Coast regions).
Caribbean culture has been decreasingly introduced by immigration and is pronounced
in  numerous civic areas. Since the  invalidation of slavery, the Caribbean has
been the source of the  foremost and
largest Black emigrant group, a significant source of growth of the Black
population in theU.S. and has made major artistic impacts in education, music,
sports and entertainment. Native culture remains strong in areas with
large  unperturbed or  dislocated populations, including traditional
government and collaborative association of property now  fairly managed by Indian reservations( large
reservations are  substantially in the
West, especially Arizona and South Dakota). The fate of native culture after
contact with Europeans is  relatively
varied. For  illustration, Taíno culture
inU.S. Caribbean  homes is nearly  defunct and like  utmost Native American languages, the Taíno
language is no longer spoken. By 
discrepancy, the Hawaiian language and culture of the Native Hawaiians
has survived in Hawaii and mixed with that of emigrants from the  landmassU.S.( starting before the 1898 annexation)
and to some degree Japanese emigrants. It 
sometimes influences mainstream American culture with notable exports
like probing and Hawaiian shirts. utmost languages native to what’s nowU.S.  home have gone  defunct,( citation  demanded) and the  profitable and mainstream artistic dominance
of the English language threatens the surviving bones.

            
In  utmost places. Some of the
most common native languages include Samoan, Hawaiian, Navajo, Cherokee, Sioux,
and a diapason of Inuit languages.( See Indigenous languages of the Americas
for a fuller  table, plus Chamorro, and
Carolinian in the Pacific  homes.)(
better source  demanded) Ethnical Samoans
are a  maturity in American Samoa;
Chamorro are still the largest ethnical group in Guam( though a  nonage), and along with Refaluwasch are  lower 
nonages in the Northern Mariana islets.

Despite certain 
harmonious ideological principles(e.g. individualism, egalitarianism,
and faith in freedom and republicanism), American culture has a variety of
expressions due to its geographical scale and demographics. The United States
has traditionally been allowed  of as a
melting pot, with emigrants contributing to but 
ultimately assimilating with mainstream American culture. still,
beginning in the 1960s and continuing on in the present day, the country trends
towards artistic pluralism, and partisanship Throughout the country’s history,
certain mores( whether grounded on  race
or other  congruity,  similar as ghettos) have dominated certain
neighborhoods, only  incompletely  blended 
with the broader culture. Due to the extent of American culture, there
are  numerous integrated but unique
social mores within the United States, some not tied to any particular  terrain. The artistic  confederations an  existent in the United States may have
generally depended on social class, political 
exposure and a multitude of demographic characteristics  similar as religious background, occupation,
and ethnical group class.

Regional variations


Semi-distinct artistic regions of the United
States include New England, theMid-Atlantic, the South, the Midwest, the
Southwest, and the West — an area that can be 
farther subdivided into the Pacific States and the Mountain States.   The west seacoast of the international
United States,  conforming of California,
Oregon, and Washington state, is also 
occasionally appertained to as the Left Coast, indicating its left-
leaning political  exposure and tendency
towards social  leftism.   The South is 
occasionally informally called the” Bible Belt” due to
socially conservative evangelical Protestantism, which is a significant part of
the region’s culture. Christian church attendance across all appellations is
generally advanced there than the 
public  normal. This region
is  generally  varied with the mainline Protestantism and
Catholicism of the Northeast, the religiously different Midwest and Great
Lakes, the Mormon Corridor in Utah and southern Idaho, and the  fairly 
temporal West. The chance ofnon-religious people is the loftiest in the
northeastern and New England state of Vermont at 34, compared to 6 in the Bible
Belt state of Alabama. Strong artistic differences have a long history in
theU.S., with the southern slave society in the antebellum period serving as a  high 
illustration. Social and 
profitable pressures between the Northern and Southern  countries were so severe that they  ultimately caused the South to declare itself
an independent nation, the Belligerent States of America;  therefore initiating the American Civil War.

Language

Although the United States has no  sanctioned language at the civil  position, 28 
countries have passed legislation making English the  sanctioned language, and it’s considered to
be the de facto  public language.
According to the 2000U.S. Census, 
further than 97 of Americans can speak English well, and for 81, it’s
the only language spoken at home. The 
public  shoptalk is known as
American English, which itself consists of 
multitudinous indigenous  cants,
but has some participated unifying features that distinguish it from other  public 
kinds of English. There are four large 
shoptalk regions in the United States — the North, the Midland, the
South, and the West — and several  cants
more focused within metropolitan areas 
similar as those of New York City, Philadelphia, and Boston. A
standard  shoptalk called” General
American”(  similar in some  felicitations to the  entered pronunciation away in the English-
speaking world), lacking the distinctive 
conspicuous features of any particular region, is believed by some
to  live as well; it’s  occasionally regionally associated with the
Midwest. American subscribe Language, used 
substantially by the deaf, is also native to the United States.   further than 300 languages nationwide, and
over to 800 languages in New York City, besides English, have native speakers
in the United States — some are spoken by indigenous peoples( about 150 living
languages) and others imported by emigrants. English isn’t the first language
of  utmost emigrants in the US,  however 
numerous do arrive knowing how to speak it, especially from countries
where English is astronomically used.This not only includes emigrants from
countries  similar as Canada, Jamaica,
and the UK, where English is the primary language, but also countries where
English is an  sanctioned language,  similar as India, Nigeria, and the
Philippines. According to the 2000  tale,
there are nearly 30 million native speakers of Spanish in the United States.
Spanish has  sanctioned status in the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, where it’s the primary language spoken, and the
state of New Mexico;  colorful  lower Spanish enclaves  live around the country as well. Bilingual
speakers may use both English and Spanish 
nicely well and may decode- switch according to their dialog  mate or 
environment, a  miracle known as
Spanglish.   Indigenous languages of the
United States include the Native- American languages( including Navajo, Yupik,
Dakota, and Apache), which are spoken on the country’s  multitudinous Indian reservations and at
artistic events  similar as pow wows;
Hawaiian, which has  sanctioned status in
the state of Hawaii; Chamorro, which has 
sanctioned status in the  lands of
Guam and the Northern Mariana islets; Carolinian, which has  sanctioned status in the  state of the Northern Mariana islets; and
Samoan, which has  sanctioned status in
the  state of American Samoa.

Art

In the late- 18th and early- 19th centuries,
American artists primarily painted 
geographies and  pictures in a
realistic style or that which looked to Europe for answers on  fashion for 
illustration, John Singleton Copley was born in Boston, but  utmost of his 
picture for which he’s  notorious
follow the trends of British painters like Thomas Gainsborough and the
transitional period between Rococo and Neoclassicism. The after 18th century
was a time when the United States was just an 
child as a nation and as far down from the  miracle where artists would admit training
as  tradesmen by  internship and  latterly seeking a fortune as a professional,  immaculately getting a patron numerous
artists  served from the patronage of
Grand Excursionists eager to  land  memorials of their  peregrination. There were no  tabernacles of Rome or grand nobility to
be  set up in the Thirteen Colonies. latterly
developments of the 19th century brought America one of its  foremost native homegrown movements, like the
Hudson River School and  portrayal
artists with a uniquely American flavor like Winslow Homer.   A 
resemblant development taking shape in 
pastoral America was the American craft movement, which began as a  response to the Industrial Revolution. As the
nation grew  fat, it had patrons  suitable to buy the  workshop of European painters and attract
foreign  gift willing to educate  styles and 
ways from Europe to willing 
scholars as well as artists themselves; photography came a  veritably popular medium for both journalism
and in time as a medium in its own right with America having  plenitude of open spaces of natural beauty
and growing  metropolises in the
East  bulging with new advents and
new  structures.  began to have a booming business in
accessions,  contending for  workshop as different as the  also more recent work of the Imitators to
pieces from ancient Egypt, all of which captured the public imaginations
and  farther  told 
fashion and armature. Developments in 
ultramodern art in Europe came to America from exhibitions in New York
City  similar as the Armory Show in 1913.
After World War II, New York  surfaced as
a center of the art world. oil in the United States  moment covers a vast range of styles.
American  oil includes  workshop by Jackson Pollock, John Singer Sargent,
GeorgiaO’Keeffe, and Norman Rockwell, among 
numerous others.

Architecture

Architecture in the United States is regionally
different and has been shaped by 
numerous external forces.U.S. armature can  thus be said to be  miscellaneous. Traditionally American
armature has influences from English armatureto Greco Roman armature. The
overriding theme of  megacity American
Architecture is fustiness, as overload in the towers of the 20th century, with
domestic and domestic armature greatly varying according to original tastes and
climate,  pastoral American and suburban
armature tends to be more traditional.

Theater and performing arts

Minstrel show

The  poet
show,  however now extensively  honored as racist and  obnoxious, is also  honored as the first uniquely American
theatrical art form. poet shows were developed in the 19th century and they
were  generally performed by white actors
wearing blackface makeup for the purpose of imitating and  parodying the speech and music of African
Americans. Stephen Foster was a 
notorious  musician for  poet shows. numerous of his songs  similar as” Camptown Races”,”
Oh Susanna”, and” My Old Kentucky Home” surpassed the
fashionability of  poet shows to come
popular American folk songs. Tap dancing and stand- up comedy also have origins
in  poet shows.

Music


American music styles and influences(  similar as country, jazz, blues,  gemstone, pop, techno, soul, and  hipsterism hop) and music grounded on them
can be heard all over the world. Music in theU.S. is different. According to
music  intelligencer Robert Christgau,”
pop music is more African than any other 
hand of American culture.” There are also variations  similar as film music and adaptations.  The best- dealing  bands are the Eagles, Aerosmith, Metallica,
and Van Halen. womanish music artists of the 20th century  similar as Whitney Houston and Madonna came
global celebrities.

Cinema

The cinema of the United States, also known as
Hollywood, has  wielded a large influence
upon the global film assiduity since the early 20th century. The dominant style
of American cinema is classical Hollywood cinema, which developed from 1913 to
1969 and is still typical of  utmost  flicks made there to this day. While
Frenchmen Auguste and Louis Lumière are generally credited with the birth of  ultramodern cinema, American cinema soon came
to be a dominant force in the arising assiduity. The world’s first sync- sound
musical film, The Jazz Singer, was released in 1927,and was at the  van of sound- film development in the
following decades. Orson Welles’s Citizen Kane( 1941) is  constantly cited in critics’  pates as the 
topmost film of all time.

Broadcasting

Household power of  TV sets in the country is96.7, and the  maturity of 
homes have  further than one set.
The peak power chance of  homes with at
least one  TV set  passed during the 1996 – 97 season, with98.4
power. As a whole, the  TV networks of
the United States is the largest and most distributed in the world.  As of August 2013,  roughly American  homes 
enjoy at least one  TV set.In
2014, due to a recent  swell in the
number and fashionability of critically acclaimed  TV series, 
numerous critics have said that American 
TV is  presently enjoying a golden
age.

Science and technology

There’s a regard for scientific advancement and
technological  invention in American
culture, performing in the creation of 
numerous  ultramodern  inventions. The great American  formulators include Robert Fulton( the
steamboat); Samuel Morse( the telegraph); Eli Whitney( the cotton gin,  exchangeable 
corridor); Cyrus McCormick( the reaper); and Thomas Edison( with  further than a thousand inventions credited
to his name). utmost of the new technological 
inventions over the 20th and 21st centuries were  moreover first  constructed in the United States, first
extensively  espoused by Americans, or
both. exemplifications include the lightbulb, the aeroplane the transistor,
the  infinitesimal  lemon, nuclear power, the  particular computer, the iPod,  videotape games, online shopping, and the
development of the Internet. This propensity for  operation of scientific ideas continued
throughout the 20th century with 
inventions that held strong 
transnational benefits. The 20th century saw the  appearance of the Space Age, the Information
Age, and a belle epoque  in the
health  lores. This  crowned in artistic  mileposts 
similar as the Apollo moon 
levees, the creation of the Personal Computer, and the sequencing  trouble called the Human Genome Project.  Thomas Edison and his early phonograph.
Edison was credited for  contriving  numerous 
bias, including the lightbulb. 
Throughout its history, American culture has made significant earnings
through the open immigration of accomplished scientists. fulfilled scientists
include Scottish American scientist Alexander Graham Bell, who developed and
patented the telephone and other  bias;
German scientist Charles Steinmetz, who developed new interspersing-current
electrical systems in 1889; Russian scientist Vladimir Zworykin, who  constructed the  stir camera in 1919; Serb scientist Nikola
Tesla who patented a brushless electrical induction motor grounded on
rotating  glamorous  fields in 1888.

Education

Education in the United States is and has
historically been  handed  substantially by the government. Control and
backing come from three  situations
civil, state, and original. School attendance is  obligatory and nearly universal at the
abecedarian and high  academy  situations( 
frequently known outside the United States as the primary and secondary  situations).  
scholars have the option of having their education held in public  seminaries, private  seminaries, or home  academy. In 
utmost public and private 
seminaries, education is divided into three  situations abecedarian  academy, inferior high  academy( also 
frequently called middle 
academy), and high  academy. In  nearly all 
seminaries at these  situations,
children are divided by age groups into grades. Post-secondary education, more
known as”  council” in the
United States, is generally governed independently from the abecedarian and
high  academy system.   In the time 2000, there were76.6
million  scholars enrolled in  seminaries from kindergarten through
graduate  seminaries. Of these, 72
percent aged 12 to 17 were judged academically” on track” for their
age( enrolled in  academy at or above
grade  position). Of those enrolled
in  mandatory education,5.2 million(10.4
percent) were attending private 
seminaries. Among the country’s adult population, over 85 percent have
completed high  academy and 27 percent
have  entered a bachelorette’s degree or
advanced.

Religion

According to a 2002 study by the Pew Global
stations Project, theU.S. was the only developed nation in the  check where a 
maturity of citizens reported that religion played a”  veritably important”  part in their lives, an opinion  analogous to that  set up in Latin America. moment, governments
at the  public, state, and original  situations are  temporal institutions, with what’s  frequently called the” separation of
church and state”. The most popular religion in theU.S. is Christianity,
comprising the  maturity of the
population(73.7 of grown-ups in 2016). Although participation in  systematized religion has been  dwindling, the public life and popular
culture of the United States incorporates 
numerous Christian ideals specifically about redemption, deliverance,
heart, and morality. exemplifications are popular culture  prepossessions with  concession and  remission, which extends from reality  TV to twelve- step meetings. Americans
anticipate public  numbers to confess and
have public  repentance for any sins or
moral wrongdoings they may have caused. According to Salon,  exemplifications of  shy public 
repentance may include the 
dishonors and fallout regarding Tiger Woods, Alex Rodriguez, Mel Gibson,
Larry Craig, and Lance Armstrong. utmost of the Thirteen Colonies were
generally not tolerant of  iconoclastic
forms of  deification. Civil and
religious restrictions were most 
rigorously applied by the Bluenoses of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
which saw  colorful  displacements applied to  apply conformity, including the branding
iron, the whipping post, the bilboes and the headsman’s  mesh. The 
besieging spirit was participated by Plymouth Colony and the colonies
along the Connecticut swash.Mary Dyer was one of the four executed Quakers
known as the Boston killers, and her death on the Boston gallows marked
the  morning of the end of Puritan
theocracy and New England independence from English rule; in 1661 Massachusetts
was  interdicted from executing anyone
for professing Quakerism.Anti-Catholic sentiment appeared in New England with
the first Pilgrim and Puritan settlers. The Pilgrims of New England held
radical Protestant  disapprobation of
Christmas. Christmas observance was outlawed in Boston in 1659. The ban by the
Bluenoses was abandoned in 1681 by an English appointed governor,  still it wasn’t until themid-19th century
that celebrating Christmas came common in the Boston region. The colony of
Maryland,  innovated by the unqualified
Lord Baltimore in 1634, came closest to applying freedom of religion but  doomed to death anyone who denied the
divinity of Jesus.   Modeling the  vittles concerning religion within the
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, the framers of the United States
Constitution rejected any religious test for office, and the First Amendment
specifically denied the central government any power to  legislate any law  esteeming either an establishment of religion
or  proscribing its free exercise. In the
following decades, the amping  spirit
behind the constitution’s Establishment Clause led to the disestablishment of
the  sanctioned  persuasions within the member  countries. The framers were  substantially 
told  by  temporal, Enlightenment ideals, but they also
considered the  realistic  enterprises of  nonage religious groups who didn’t want to be
under the power or influence of a state religion that didn’t represent them.
Thomas Jefferson, author of the protestation of Independence said”
The  clerk has been hostile to liberty.
He’s always in alliance with the caesar.” Adherence to  youthful Earth creationism and rejection
of  elaboration is advanced in theU.S.
than in the rest of the Western world. A 2012 Gallup  check reported that 46 percent of Americans
believed in the creationist view that God created humans in their present form
at one time within the last,000 times.

Public holidays

The United States observes  leaves 
deduced from events in American history, Christian traditions, and  public papas .  Thanksgiving is the  top traditionally- American  vacation, evolving from the English Pilgrim’s
custom of giving thanks for one’s  weal.
Thanksgiving is generally celebrated as a family reunion with a large  autumn feast. Independence Day( or the Fourth
of July) celebrates the anniversary of the country’s protestation of Independence
from Great Britain, and is generally observed by  processions throughout the day and the firing
of fireworks at night.   Christmas Day,
celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ, is extensively  famed and a civil  vacation, though a fair  quantum of its current artistic  significance is due to  temporal reasons. European colonization has
led to some other Christian  leaves  similar as Easter andSt. Patrick’s Day to be
observed,  however with varying degrees
of religious  dedication.   Halloween is allowed to have evolved from
the ancient Celtic/ Gaelic  jubilee of
Samhain, which was introduced in the American colonies by Irish settlers. It
has come a  vacation that’s celebrated by
children and teens who traditionally dress up in costumes and go door to door trick-
or- treating for delicacy. It also brings about an emphasis on creepy and  shocking civic legends and  pictures. Mardi Gras, which evolved from the
unqualified tradition of Carnival, is observed in the state of Louisiana.

Fashion and dress


Fashion in the United States is  miscellaneous and  generally informal. While the different
artistic roots of Americans are reflected in their apparel, particularly those
of recent emigrants, buckaroo 
headdresses and  thrills, and
leather motorcycle jackets are representational of specifically- American
styles.   Blue jeans were vulgarized as
work clothes in the 1850s by  trafficker
Levi Strauss, a German- Jewish emigrant in San Francisco, and  espoused by 
numerous American teenagers a century 
latterly. They’re worn in every state by people of all  periods and social classes. Along with
mass-  retailed informal wear and tear in
general, blue jeans are arguably one of US culture’s primary  benefactions to global fashion. Though the
informal dress is more common, certain professionals,  similar as bankers and  attorneys, traditionally dress formally for
work, and some occasions,  similar as  marriages, sepultures, balls, and some
parties,  generally call for formal wear
and tear.   Some  metropolises and regions have specialties in
certain areas. For  illustration, Miami
for swimwear, Boston and the general New England area for formal menswear, Los
Angeles for casual  vesture and
womenswear, and  metropolises like
Seattle and Portland foreco-conscious fashion. Chicago is known for its
sportswear, and is the premier fashion destination in the middle American  request. Dallas, Houston, Austin, Nashville,
and Atlanta are big  requests for the fast
fashion and cosmetics  diligence,
alongside having their own distinct fashion sense that  substantially incorporates buckaroo  thrills and workwear, lesser  operation of makeup, lighter colors and
aquarelles, “  council  fix ” style, sandals, bigger hairstyles, and
thinner, airier fabrics due to the heat and 
moisture of the region.

Sports

In the 1800s, 
sodalities were encouraged to 
concentrate on intramural sports, particularly track, field, and, in the
late 1800s, American football. Physical education was incorporated into
primary  academy classes in the 20th
century.A typical Baseball diamond as seen from the  colosseum 
Baseball is the oldest of the major American  platoon sports. Professional baseball dates
from 1869 and had no close rivals in fashionability until the 1960s. Though
baseball is no longer the most popular sport, it’s still appertained to
as” the  public pastime.” Also
unlike the professional  situations of
the other popular  onlooker sports in
theU.S., Major League Baseball  brigades
play  nearly every day. The Major League
Baseball regular season consists of each of the 30  brigades playing 162 games from late March to
beforehand October.  Unlike  utmost other major sports in the country,
professional baseball draws  utmost of
its players from a” minor league” system, rather than from university
calisthenics.   American football, known
in the United States as simply” football”, now attracts  further 
TV  observers than any other sport
and is considered to be the most popular sport in the United States.The
32-  platoon National Football League(
NFL) is the most popular professional American football league. The National
Football League differs from the other three major pro sports leagues in that
each of its 32  brigades plays one game a
week over 18 weeks, for a aggregate of 17 games with one bye week for each  platoon. 
Its crown game, the Super Bowl, has 
frequently been the loftiest rated 
TV show, and it has an 
followership of over 100 million 
observers annually.( citation 
demanded)   College football also
attracts cult of millions. Some communities, particularly in  pastoral areas, place great emphasis on their
original high  academy football  platoon. American football games  generally include cheerleaders and marching
bands, which aim to raise  academy spirit
and entertain the crowd at halftime.  .
It was  constructed in Springfield,
Massachusetts, in 1891, by Canadian- born physical education  schoolteacher James Naismith. College
basketball is also popular, due in large part to the NCAA men’s Division I
basketball  event in March, colloquially
known as” March Madness”.   Ice
hockey is the fourth- leading professional 
platoon sport. Always a 
dependence  of Great Lakes and New
England- area culture, the sport gained tenuous bases in regions like the
American South since the early 1990s, as the National Hockey League pursued a
policy of expansion. NASCAR is the most watched 
bus racing series in the United States. 
Lacrosse is a  platoon sport of
American and Canadian Native American origin and is the  swift- growing sport in the United
States.Lacrosse is most popular in the East Coast area. NLL and MLL are
the  public box and  out-of-door 
lacrosse leagues, independently, and have increased their following in
recent times. Also,  numerous of the top
Division I  council lacrosse  brigades draw overhead of 7 –,000 for a game,
especially in theMid-Atlantic and New England areas.   Soccer is 
veritably popular as a participation sport, particularly among youth,
and the US  public  brigades are competitive internationally. A
twenty- six-  platoon( with four
more  verified to be added within the
coming many times) professional league, Major League Soccer, plays from March
to October, but its  TV  followership and overall fashionability pause
behind other American professional sports. Other popular sports are tennis,
softball, rodeo, swimming, water polo, fencing, shooting sports, stalking,
volleyball, skiing, snowboarding, skateboarding, ultimate, slice golf, cycling,
MMA, comber derby, wrestling, toning, and rugby.   Relative to other  corridor of the world, the United States is
surprisingly competitive in women’s sports, a fact  generally attributed to the Title IX anti
demarcation law, which requires  utmost
American  sodalities to give equal
backing to men’s and women’s sports.Despite that,  still, women’s sports aren’t nearly as
popular among  observers as men’s
sports.   The United States enjoys a
great deal of success both in the Summer Olympics and Winter Olympics,
constantly finishing among the top  order
winners.

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