Key findings about U.S. immigrants


The United States has  further emigrants than any other country in the world. moment,  further than 40 million people living in the U.S. were born in another country,  counting for about one- fifth of the world’s  settlers. The population of emigrants is also  veritably different, with just about every country in the world represented among U.S. emigrants.   Pew Research Center regularly publishes statistical  pictures of the nation’s foreign- born population, which include  literal trends since 1960. Grounded on these  pictures, then are answers to some  crucial questions about the U.S. emigrant population.

How many people in the U.S. are immigrants?

 Since 1965, when U.S. immigration laws replaced a  public  share system, the number of emigrants living in the U.S. has  further than quadrupled. Emigrants  moment  regard for13.7 of the U.S. population, nearly triple the share(4.8) in 1970. still,  moment’s emigrant share remains below the record14.8 share in 1890, when9.2 million emigrants lived in the U.S.

What is the legal status of immigrants in the U.S.?

Utmost emigrants( 77) are in the country  fairly, while  nearly a quarter are unauthorized, according to new Pew Research Center estimates grounded on  tale data acclimated for undercount. In 2017, 45 were naturalized U.S. citizens.   Some 27 of emigrants were  endless  residers and 5 were temporary  residers in 2017. Another 23 of all emigrants were unauthorized emigrants. From 1990 to 2007, the unauthorized indigenous population more than tripled in size – from3.5 million to a record high of12.2 million in 2007. By 2017, that number had declined by1.7 million, or 14. There were10.5 million unauthorized emigrants in the U.S. in 2017,  counting for3.2 of the nation’s population.   The decline in the unauthorized indigenous population is due largely to a fall in the number from Mexico – the single largest group of unauthorized emigrants in the U.S. Between 2007 and 2017, this group  dropped by 2 million. 

Do all lawful immigrants choose to become U.S. citizens?

Not all legal  endless  residers choose to pursueU.S. citizenship. Those who wish to do so may apply after meeting certain conditions, including having lived in theU.S. for five times. In  financial time 2019, about,000 emigrants applied for naturalization. The number of naturalization  operations has climbed in recent times, though the periodic  summations remain below the1.4 million  operations filed in 2007.   Generally,  utmost emigrants eligible for naturalization apply to come citizens. still, Mexican legal emigrants have the  smallest naturalization rate overall. Language and  particular  walls, lack of interest and  fiscal  walls are among the top reasons for choosing not to acclimatize cited by Mexican- born green card holders, according to a 2015 Pew Research Center  check.

Where do immigrants come from?

Mexico is the top origin country of the U.S. emigrant population. In 2018, roughly11.2 million emigrants living in the U.S. were from there,  counting for 25 of all U.S. emigrants. The next largest origin groups were those from China( 6), India( 6), the Philippines( 4) and El Salvador( 3).   By region of birth, emigrants from Asia combined  reckoned for 28 of all emigrants, close to the share of emigrants from Mexico( 25). Other regions make up  lower shares Europe, Canada and other North America( 13), the Caribbean( 10), Central America( 8), South America( 7), the Middle East and North Africa( 4) and sub-Saharan Africa( 5).

Who is arriving today?

Further than 1 million emigrants arrive in theU.S. each time. In 2018, the top country of origin for new emigrants coming into theU.S. was China, with,000 people, followed by India(,000), Mexico(,000) and the Philippines(,000).   By race and  race, more Asian emigrants than Hispanic emigrants have arrived in theU.S. in  utmost times since 2009. Immigration from Latin America braked following the Great Recession, particularly for Mexico, which has seen both  dwindling overflows into the United States and large overflows back to Mexico in recent times.   Asians are projected to come the largest emigrant group in theU.S. by 2055, surpassing Hispanics. Pew Research Center estimates indicate that in 2065, those who identify as Asian will make up some 38 of all emigrants; as Hispanic, 31; White, 20; and Black, 9.

Is the immigrant population growing?

New Emigrant advents have fallen,  substantially due to a  drop in the number of unauthorized emigrants coming to theU.S. The drop in the unauthorized indigenous population can primarily be attributed to  further Mexican emigrants leaving theU.S. than coming  by.   Looking forward, emigrants and their descendants are projected to  regard for 88 ofU.S.In addition to new advents,U.S. births to indigenous parents will be important to  unborn growth in the country’s population. In 2018, the chance of women giving birth in the  once time was advanced among emigrants(7.5) than among theU.S. born(5.7). WhileU.S.- born women gave birth to  further than 3 million children that time, indigenous women gave birth to about,000.

How many immigrants have come to the U.S. as refugees?

Since the creation of the civil Refugee Resettlement Program in 1980, about 3 million deportees have been resettled in theU.S. –  further than any other country.   In  financial 2019, a aggregate of,000 deportees were resettled in theU.S. The largest origin group of deportees was the Democratic Republic of the Congo, followed by Burma( Myanmar), Ukraine, Eritrea and Afghanistan. Among all deportees admitted in  financial time 2019,,900 are Muslims( 16) and,800 are Christians( 79). Texas, Washington, New York and California resettled  further than a quarter of all deportees admitted in  financial 2018.

Where do most U.S. immigrants live?

Nearly half( 45) of the nation’s emigrants live in just three  countries California( 24), Texas( 11) and Florida( 10). California had the largest indigenous population of any state in 2018, at10.6 million. Texas, Florida and New York had  further than 4 million emigrants each.   In terms of regions, about two- thirds of emigrants lived in the West( 34) and South( 34). Roughly one- fifth lived in the Northeast( 21) and 11 were in the Midwest.   In 2018,  utmost emigrants lived in just 20 major metropolitan areas, with the largest populations in the New York, Los Angeles and Miami metro areas. These top 20 metro areas were home to28.7 million emigrants, or 64 of the nation’s total foreign- born population. utmost of the nation’s unauthorized indigenous population lived in these top metro areas as well.

How do immigrants compare with the U.S. population overall in education?

Emigrants in theU.S. as a  total have lower  situations of education than theU.S.- born population. In 2018, emigrants were over three times as likely as theU.S. born to haven’t completed high  academy( 27vs. 8). still, emigrants were just as likely as theU.S. born to have a bachelorette’s degree or  further( 32 and 33, independently).   Educational attainment varies among the nation’s emigrant groups, particularly across emigrants from different regions of the world. Emigrants from Mexico and Central America are less likely to be high  academy graduates than theU.S. born( 54 and 47, independently, don’t have a high  academy parchment,vs. 8 ofU.S. born). On the other hand, emigrants from every region except Mexico, the Caribbean and Central America were as likely as or more likely thanU.S.- born  residers to have a bachelorette’s or advanced degree.   Among all emigrants, those from South Asia( 71) were the most likely to have a bachelorette’s degree or  further. Emigrants from Mexico( 7) and Central America( 11) were the least likely to have a bachelorette’s or advanced.

How many immigrants are working in the U.S.?

In 2017, about 29 million emigrants were working or looking for work in theU.S., making up some 17 of the total mercenary labor force. Legal emigrants made up the  maturity of the emigrant  pool, at21.2 million. An  fresh7.6 million indigenous workers are unauthorized emigrants,  lower than the aggregate of the  former time and  specially  lower than in 2007, when they were8.2 million. They alone  regard for4.6 of the mercenary labor force, a dip from their peak of5.4 in 2007. During the same period, the overallU.S.  pool grew, as did the number ofU.S.- born workers and legal emigrant workers.   Emigrants are projected to drive  unborn growth in theU.S. working- age population through at least 2035. As the Baby Boom generation heads into  withdrawal, emigrants and their children are anticipated to  neutralize a decline in the working- age population by adding about 18 million people of working age between 2015 and 2035.

How well do immigrants speak English?

 Among emigrants  periods 5 and aged in 2018, half( 53) are  complete English speakers – either speaking English  veritably well( 37) or only speaking English at home( 17).   Emigrants from Mexico have the  smallest rates of English proficiency( 34), followed by those from Central America( 35), East and Southeast Asia( 50) and South America( 56). Emigrants from Canada( 96), Oceania( 82), Europe( 75) andsub-Saharan Africa( 74) have the loftiest rates of English proficiency.   The longer emigrants have lived in theU.S., the lesser the liability they’re English  complete. Some 47 of emigrants living in theU.S. five times or  lower are  complete. By  discrepancy,  further than half( 57) of emigrants who have lived in theU.S. for 20 times or  further are  complete English speakers.   Among emigrants  periods 5 and aged, Spanish is the most generally spoken language. Some 42 of emigrants in theU.S. speak Spanish at home. The top five languages spoken at home among emigrants outside of Spanish are English only( 17), followed by Chinese( 6), Hindi( 5), Filipino/ Tagalog( 4) and French( 3).

How many immigrants have been deported recently?

Around,000 emigrants were deported from theU.S. in  financial 2018, over since 2017. Overall, the Obama administration deported about 3 million emigrants between 2009 and 2016, a significantly advanced number than the 2 million emigrants deported by the Bush administration between 2001 and 2008. In 2017, the Trump administration deported,000 emigrants, the  smallest total since 2006.   Emigrants condemned of a crime made up the  lower than half of  displacements in 2018, the most recent time for which statistics by felonious status are available. Of the,000 emigrants deported in 2018, some 44 had felonious  persuasions and 56 weren’t condemned of a crime. From 2001 to 2018, a  maturity( 60) of emigrants deported haven’t been condemned of a crime.

How many immigrant apprehensions take place at the U.S.-Mexico border?

While immigration has been at the  van of a  public political debate, theU.S. public holds a range of views about emigrants living in the country. Overall, a  maturity of Americans have positive views about emigrants. About two- thirds of Americans( 66) say emigrants strengthen the country “ because of their hard work and  bents, ” while about a quarter( 24) say emigrants burden the country by taking jobs,  casing and health care.   Yet these views vary starkly by political  cooperation. Among Egalitarians and Popular- leaning independents, 88  suppose emigrants strengthen the country with their hard work and  bents, and just 8 say they’re a burden. Among Republicans and Republican- leaning independents, 41 say emigrants strengthen the country, while 44 say they burden it.   Americans were divided on  unborn  situations of immigration. A quarter said legal immigration to theU.S. should be  dropped( 24), while one- third( 38) said immigration should be kept at its present  position and  nearly another third( 32) said immigration should be increased.   Note This is an update of a post firstly published May 3, 2017, and written by Gustavo López, a former  exploration critic  fastening on Hispanics, immigration and demographics; and Kristen Bialik, a former  exploration adjunct.   CORRECTION(Sept. 21, 2020) An update to the methodology used to tabulate  numbers in the map “ Among new indigenous advents, Asians outnumber Hispanics ” has changed all  numbers from 2001 and 2012. This new methodology has also allowed the addition of the figure from 2000. likewise, the  before  interpretation of the map  inaptly showed the partial time shares of Hispanic and Asian recent advents in 2015; the corrected complete time shares are 31 and 36, independently.

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