What are Anxiety Disorders?


Anxiety is a normal  response to stress and can be  salutary in some situations. It can  warn us to 
troubles and help us prepare and pay attention. Anxiety  diseases differ from normal  passions of 
unease or  apprehensiveness and
involve  inordinate fear or
anxiety.Treatment helps  utmost people
lead normal productive lives.

How Common Are Anxiety Disorders?

In any given time the estimated percent ofU.S.
grown-ups with  colorful anxiety  diseases are  
Specific Phobia 8- 12  Social
Anxiety complaint 7  fear complaint 2-
3  Agoraphobia 1-2.9 in Adolescents and
Grown-ups  Generalized Anxiety complaint
2  Separation Anxiety complaint0.9-1.9  Women are more likely than men to  witness anxiety  diseases.

It can affect job performance, school work, and
personal relationships. For a person to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder,
the fear or anxiety in general:  It can
affect job performance, school work, and personal relationships. In general,  to be diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, the
fear or anxiety must be: 
disproportionate to the situation or age 
There are several types of anxiety disorders including generalized
anxiety disorder, specific panic disorder, phobia disorder, agoraphobia, social
anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

constant worry and tension can be accompanied by physical symptoms such as
restlessness, nervousness or getting tired easily, difficulty concentrating,
muscle tension or sleep disorders. Worries are often centered on mundane things
like work commitments, family health, or smaller things like housework, car
repairs, or appointments.

Panic Disorder

The primary symptom of panic disorder is
recurring panic attacks, which present an overwhelming combination of physical
and mental discomfort. Several of these symptoms occur together during a


 palpitations, palpitations, or rapid heartbeat


 shaking or

lightheaded, or fainting


or tingling

 chills or
flushing heat

 nausea or
abdominal pain

of disconnection

 Fear of
losing control

 Fear of

the symptoms are so severe, many people who experience a panic attack think
they are having a heart attack or some other life-threatening condition. You
can go to the hospital emergency room. Panic attacks are to be expected, e.g.
B. when you react to an object you are afraid of, seemingly without reason, or
unexpectedly. The average age at onset of panic disorder is between 20 and 24 years.Panic
attacks can occur with other mental disorders, such as depression or PTSD.

Phobias, Specific Phobia

A specific phobia is an excessive and persistent
fear of a specific object, situation, or activity that is  not usually harmful. Patients know their fear
is excessive, but they cannot overcome it. These fears cause such anxiety that
some people go to great lengths to avoid what they fear. Examples include
public speaking, fear of flying, or fear of spiders.


Agoraphobia is the fear of being in situations
from which it may be difficult or embarrassing to escape, or of help that may
not be available if you have panic symptoms. The fear is disproportionate to
the actual situation and usually lasts 
six months or more and leads to dysfunction. A person with agoraphobia
experiences this fear in at least two  of
the following situations:


public transportation



in line or  in a crowd

 Being out

 The person
actively avoids situations, needs companionship, or endures  intense fear or anxiety. Left untreated,
agoraphobia can become so severe that a person may be unable to leave the
house. A person can only be diagnosed with agoraphobia if the fear is very
distressing or  significantly interferes
with normal daily activities.

Social Anxiety Disorder (previously called social

with this disorder will try to avoid situations or endure them with great
anxiety. Typical examples include extreme fear of speaking in public, meeting
new people, or eating/drinking in public. The anxiety or agitation causes
problems with daily functioning and lasts at least six months.

Separation Anxiety Disorder

A person with separation anxiety  is overly anxious or anxious about being
separated from those to whom they are attached. The feeling transcends age,
persists (at least four weeks in children and six months in adults) and causes
dysfunction. A person with separation anxiety 
may worry constantly about losing a loved one, may be reluctant or
unwilling to date or sleep away with that person or sleep without that  person, or may experience separation
nightmares. Physical symptoms of distress often develop in childhood, but these
symptoms can persist into adulthood.

Risk Factors

The causes of anxiety disorders are currently
unknown but likely involve a combination of factors, including genetic,
environmental, psychological, and developmental factors. Anxiety disorders can
be hereditary, suggesting that a combination of genes and environmental
stressors can cause the disorder.

Diagnosis and Treatment

The first step is to see your doctor to make sure
there are no physical problems causing your symptoms. If you are diagnosed with
an anxiety disorder, a psychotherapist can work with you to find the best
treatment. Unfortunately, many people with anxiety disorders do not seek help.
They don’t realize  they have a disease
that has effective treatments.

each anxiety disorder has unique characteristics, most respond well to two
types of treatment: psychotherapy or “talk therapy.” and drugs.
Medications don’t cure anxiety disorders, but they can provide significant
relief from symptoms. The most commonly used drugs are anxiolytics (usually
prescribed  for  short periods of time) and antidepressants.
Beta blockers, used for heart disease, are 
sometimes used to control the physical symptoms of anxiety.


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