On this page, we will talk about the Top 100 Important Geography MCQ’s list for all competitive exams like PPSC/CSS/NTS/ preparation. These General knowledge geography MCQs are part of a sequence about all subjects, and each post contained about 100 MCQs.
Most of the students cannot buy costly general knowledge or particular subject book for their competitive exams. So to solve this issue The Allied News prompted a program that will provide all students free-of-cost MCQs about all topics and subjects.
Read and share to others students and keep helping The Allied news with the mission of spreading knowledge. You can also watch the videos about these MCQs on the official youtube channel of Allied News. To find more MCQs about General Knowledge Geography.
Top 100 Important Geography MCQs For Competitive Exams CSS/PMS/NTS/PPSC
Note: The green colored option is correct
1: One-hour difference in local time between two places is equivalent to a difference of?
(a) 10° longitude
(b) 15° longitude
(c) 15° latitude
(d) 20° latitude
2: The local time at a place is 6 a.m. when the G.M.T. is 3 a.m. the longitude of that place is?
(a) 45 degrees east
(b) 45 degrees west
(c) 120 degrees east
(d) 120 degrees west
3: Up to about 50 km from the surface of the earth the atmosphere consists of approximately?
(a) 78% oxygen and 21% nitrogen
(b) 21% oxygen and 78% nitrogen
(c) 68% oxygen and 32% nitrogen
(d) 33% oxygen and 66% oxygen
4: Name the instrument used for measuring humidity?
5: Most of the weather phenomena take place in which of the following layers of the atmosphere?
6: That the earth is rotating on its axis is established by the fact that?
(a) The moon and stars move in the sky
(b) The earth experiences day and night
(c) The planetary winds are blowing
(d) The time in different parts of the earth is not the same
7: Funnel-shaped clouds with violent whirlwinds are named as?
8: The tropical cyclones often follow the direction of movement from?
(a) South to north
(c) West to east
(b) East to west
(d) North to south
9: An upper wind system with very high velocities in the stratosphere is called?
(a) A cyclone
(b) An anticyclone
(d) Jet stream
10: The amount of water vapor (grams) in a given volume of air (cubic meter) is known as?
(a) Specific humidity
(b) Relative humidity
(c) Vapour pressure
(d) Absolute humidity
11: Trade winds of the northern hemisphere blow from the north-east to south-west due to?
(a) Coriolis force
(b) Gravitational force
(c) Centripetal force
(d) None of these
12: Which country is known as the Thunderbolt of Asia?
(d) None of the above
13: One of the countries through which the equator passes is?
14: The depletion of the ozone layer has been caused mainly by?
(a) the deforestation of the large areas of land
(b) the release of chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere
(c) changes in asteroid activity in the solar system
(d) the release of Industrial waste
15: Which layer of atmosphere provides ideal conditions for flying airplanes?
16: Through which one of the following countries the equator does not pass?
17: A-line on a map joining places of equal monthly or yearly rainfall is called?
18: The Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. What its speed is?
(a) Is greatest when it is farthest from the Sun
(b) greatest when it is closest to the Sun
(c) Remains the same at all points on the orbit
(d) Goes on decreasing continuously
19: The origin of earth dates back to approximately?
(a) 3.6 billion years
(b) 4.5 billion years
(c) 5.6 billion years
(d) 6.6 billion years
20: The term ‘Ecliptic’ is used for the?
(a) Sun when eclipsed
(b) Moon when eclipsed
(c) Sun’s path in the sky during a year
(d) Path of Earth around the Sun
21: The Sun always rises in the East because?
(a) It is located in East
(b) The Earth rotates from East to West
(c) The earth rotates from West to East
(d) The earth revolves around the Sun from West to East
22: A ship sailing from Vancouver to Tokyo, crosses the International Date Line on Wednesday, the 8th of November. What will be the next day?
(a) Sixth of November
(b) Seventh of November
(c) Ninth of November
(d) Tenth of November
23: Spring tide occurs when the?
(a) Earth, Moon, and the Sun are in a straight line
(b) Sun, Earth, and the Moon are at right angles to each other
(c) Earth comes near the Sun
(d) Earth is away from the Sun
24: Which of the following words explains a narrow strip of land separating two seas and connecting two landmarks?
25: Presence of which gas in the outermost layer of the atmosphere does not allow ultraviolet rays of the sunlight to reach Earth?
26: The second-largest continent (in terms of area) is?
(c) North America
27: The South Pole was discovered by?
(b) Robert Peary
(d) None of these
28: The dates on which day and night are equal are?
(a) 21st March and 24th December
(b) 14th January and 23rd September
(c) 21st March and 23rd September
(d) 14th Jan and 22nd June
29: At which place on earth is there always day and night of an equal duration?
(a) On the tropic of Cancer
(b) On the Poles
(c) On the tropic of Capricorn
(d) On the Equator
30: A line on a map joining places having equal atmospheric pressure is called?
(c) Iso Cryme
31: The core of the earth is?
(a) Of amorphous material
(b) A vacuum
32: The important country close to International Date Line is?
(c) New Zealand
33: Which of the following towns is situated at the highest altitude?
34: Winter rain in Kashmir is due to?
(a) South-West monsoon
(b) Western disturbances
(c) North-East monsoon
(d) Local winds
35: Which is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere?
(a) 20th June
(b) 21st June
(c) 22nd December
(d) 23rd December
36: Equinox refers to?
(a) The area near the Equator
(b) A kind of pox affecting horses
(c) Lines connecting points of equal altitude
(d) Two periods in the year when the days and nights are equal
37: The tide at its maximum height is known as?
(d) Neap tide
38: Where is the coldest place in the world situated?
39: Which place in the world has rainfall?
(c) Mt. Everest
40: The International Date Line is an imaginary line extending from pole to pole along with the places on the earth’s surface and lies along the?
(a) 0° meridian
(b) 45° meridian
(c) 90° meridian
(d) 180° meridian
41: The speed of rotation of the earth is the highest?
(a) Along the Equator
(b) Along the Tropic of Cancer
(c) Along the Arctic Circle
(d) At the North Pole
42: Flash Point” term is related with the?
(a) Study of water
(b) Study of climate
(c) Study of Dewdrops
(d) Study of rocks
43: The Captain of the Pakistan Cricket team which defeated England at the Oval in 1954 was?
(a) Fazal Mehmood
(b) Hanif Muhammad
(c) Abdul Hafeez Kardar
(d) Khan Muhammad
44: About 50% of the world population is concentrated between the latitudes of?
(a) 5°N and 20°N
(b) 20 N and 40°N
(c) 40°N and 60°N
(d) 20°S and 40°S
45: The time at any point on the earth’s surface calculated when the sun reaches its highest position in the sky is known as?
(a) Local time
(b) Sidereal time
(c) Solar time
(d) Standard time
46: What will be the time at a place situated at 70° W when it is 4 p.m. at a place situated at 35° E?
(a) 5 p.m.
(b) 8 p.m.
(c) 11 a.m.
(d) 9 a.m.
47: In the troposphere, the normal lapse rate, ie, the decrease in temperature with height?
(a) 1°C for 155 metres
(b) 1°C for 160 metres
(c) 1°C for 165 meters
(d) 1°C for 170 meters
48: Blind Dolphins are found in?
(a) Ganges River
(b) Nile River
(c) Yangtze River
49: When the local time is noon and the time at Greenwich Meridian is 8.00 a.m., the local longitude is?
(a) 60″ east
(b) 60° west
(c) 45° west
(d) 45° east
50: In which one of the following positions does the Earth revolve at a faster rate around the Sun?
(a) Summer Solstice
(b) Winter Solstice
(c) Autumnal Equinox
(d) Vernal Equinox
51: If a magnetic needle is freely suspended at the geographic North Pole?
(a) The needle will remain vertical with its N-pole downward
(b) The needle will remain almost vertical with its N-pole downward
(c)The needle will remain vertical with its S-pole downward
(d) The needle will remain almost vertical with its S-pole downward.
52: the South Pole is located on the continent of?
53: The atmospheric pressure at any place is measured by?
(d) Thermometer Which mountain system lies between the
54: the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea?
(a) The Appalachians
(b) The Caucasus
(c) The Pyrenees
(d) The Atlas
55: Which of these cities once served as the capital of Japan?
56: Which peninsula lies between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov?
57: On the banks of which river is the city of London located?
(b) The Thames
58: Which of the following trees is considered the tallest in the world?
(d) Date palm
59: Which country was earlier known as Siam?
60: Which is the largest country in the Arabian Peninsula?
(c) Saudi Arabia
61: Which river forms the Grand Canyon in the United States?
62: Which of these cloud forms is found at the highest altitudes?
63: Thickness of the atmosphere around the earth is?
(a) 100 km
(b) 130 km
(c) 145 km
(d) 195 km
64: Atmosphere around the earth maintains its?
65: The layers of the atmosphere are divided into?
(a) Two parts
(b) Three parts
(c) Four parts
(d) Five parts
66: Above the earth’s surface, the troposphere extends to a height of?
(a) 08 km
(b) 12 km
(c) 20 km
(d) 15 km
67: Which next layer is above the troposphere?
68: The mesosphere extended above the earth’s surface is up to?
(a) 60 km
(b) 65 km
(c) 80 km
(d) 85 km
69: Which one of the following phenomena occurs when water vapor condenses around a particle of smoke?
70: Lines joining places of the same earthquake intensity are known as?
(c) Isoseismal lines
71: Canola refers to a special type of oilseed mustard variety bred for human consumption. The main characteristic of these varieties is that the?
(a) Seeds have a very high oil content
(b) Oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids
(c) Oil has long shelf-life
(d) Oil has very low Erucic acid content
72: Which one of the following lakes forms an international boundary between Tanzania and Uganda?
(d) The Zambezi
73: Which of the following countries has the highest percentage of land under cultivation?
(a) The U.S.A.
74: Which form of iron has got the highest carbon content?
(a) Mild Steel
(b) Stainless Steel
(c) Wrought Iron
(d) Cast Iron
75: Rows of trees grown along the coastal areas to reduce the impact of cyclones are known as?
76: What kind of soil is treated with gypsum to make it suitable for cropping?
(d) Soil with excessive clay content
77: Which of the following is the smallest ocean in the world?
(d) The Arctic
78: Which one of the following is a metamorphic rock?
79: According to Simon Winchester’s book, how many Tectonic plates are there on the earth?
80: All the following are planetary winds except?
(a) Trade winds
(b) The westerlies
(c) Polar winds
(d) The monsoon winds cold
81: Which one of the following parts of deserts and continents is correctly matched?
(a) The Atacama … South America
(b) The Gobi….Asia
(d) Great Sandy….Australia
82: The production of rubber trees is better adapted to areas where the climate is?
(a) Warm and humid
(b) Warm and dry
(c) Cool and moist
(d) Cool and dry
83: Gulf streams are caused by?
(c) Ocean Pressure
(d) Difference in water level
84: All vital atmospheric processes leading to various climatic and weather conditions take
place in the?
85: The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance is?
86: Which one of the following scholars suggested the earth’s origin from gases and dust particles?
(a) James Jeans
(b) H. Alfven
(c) F. Hoyle
(d) O. Schmidt
87: The theory that refers to an explosion about 10 to 15 billion years ago, which most astronomers believe to be the origin of the Universe, is called?
(a) The Red Shift Theory
(b) Relativity Theory
(c) Big Bang Theory
(d) Titanic Theory
88: Black holes are stellar objects which?
(a) Emit black body radiation
(b) Have a weak gravitational field
(c) Have intense gravitational fields
(d) Have intense magnetic fields.
89: Select the stranger in the group?
(b) Multiple bars
(c) Weather maps
(d) Pie diagrams
90: The soil which cracks and shrinks most as it dries is?
(a) Clayey soil
(b) Porous şoil
(c) Sandy soil
(d) Loamy soil
91: East Timor is now an independent country. Before independence, it was part of?
92: Kosovo, is now an independent country, before its independence, it was part of which of the following countries?
93: On the day of the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the length of daytime on the Antarctic Circle is?
(a) 12 hours
(b) 24 hours
(c) zero hour
(d) 6 hours
94: Which of the following sequences represents correctly the different atmospheric layers from the earth’s surface?
(a) Stratosphere, troposphere, tropopause, ionosphere
(b) ionosphere, tropopause, troposphere, stratosphere
(c) Troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, ionosphere
(d) Stratosphere, troposphere, ionosphere. tropopause
95: Days and nights are of equal duration on March 21 at?
(a) The Tropic of Cancer alone
(b) The Tropic of the Equator alone
(c) The Tropic of Capricorn alone
(d) All parallel of latitude
96: Which of the following is the most porous rock?
9:. Weathering is?
(a) Breakdown or disintegration of rocks
(b) Formation of soil by fine sand particles
(c) Breaking of the surface of the land by flowing water
(d) Wearing down of rock surface
98: Which type of plants is adapted to grow under drought conditions?
99: Which of the following is the oldest rock?
100: Which of the following pairs is correct?
(a) Baghdad Tigris
(b) Bonn Danube
(c) Rome Seine
(d) Paris Tiber
You can also visit our youtube channel to watch more videos about general knowledge and all subjects MCQ’s