Solved Important Geography MCQ’s For PPSC/CSS/NTS/PMS.

top General knowledge Geography 100 MCQ

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Top 100 Important Geography MCQs For Competitive Exams CSS/PMS/NTS/PPSC

Note: The green colored option is correct

1: One-hour difference in local time between two places is equivalent to a difference of?

(a) 10° longitude               

(b) 15° longitude  

(c) 15° latitude                 

(d) 20° latitude

2: The local time at a place is 6 a.m. when the G.M.T. is 3 a.m. the longitude of that place is?

(a) 45 degrees east

(b) 45 degrees west

(c) 120 degrees east

(d) 120 degrees west

3: Up to about 50 km from the surface of the earth the atmosphere consists of approximately?

(a) 78% oxygen and 21% nitrogen

(b) 21% oxygen and 78% nitrogen

(c) 68% oxygen and 32% nitrogen

(d) 33% oxygen and 66% oxygen

4: Name the instrument used for measuring humidity?

(a) Barometer

(b) Thermometer

(c) Hygrometer

(d) Hydrometer

5: Most of the weather phenomena take place in which of the following layers of the atmosphere?

(a) Stratosphere

(b) Mesosphere

(c) Ionosphere

(d) Troposphere

6: That the earth is rotating on its axis is established by the fact that?

(a) The moon and stars move in the sky

(b) The earth experiences day and night

(c) The planetary winds are blowing

(d) The time in different parts of the earth is not the same

7: Funnel-shaped clouds with violent whirlwinds are named as?

(a) Tsunami

(b) Cirrus 

(c) Tomado

(d) Stratus

8: The tropical cyclones often follow the direction of movement from?

(a) South to north

(c) West to east

(b) East to west

(d) North to south

9: An upper wind system with very high velocities in the stratosphere is called?

(a) A cyclone

(b) An anticyclone

(c) Monsoon

(d) Jet stream

10: The amount of water vapor (grams) in a given volume of air (cubic meter) is known as?

(a) Specific humidity

(b) Relative humidity 

(c) Vapour pressure 

(d) Absolute humidity 

11: Trade winds of the northern hemisphere blow from the north-east to south-west due to?

(a) Coriolis force 

(b) Gravitational force

(c) Centripetal force 

(d) None of these

12: Which country is known as the Thunderbolt of Asia?

(a) Bhutan

(b) Mongolia

(c) China 

(d) None of the above

13: One of the countries through which the equator passes is?

(a) Malaysia 

(b) China

(c) Malta

(d) Pakistan

14: The depletion of the ozone layer has been caused mainly by?

(a) the deforestation of the large areas of land

(b) the release of chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere 

(c) changes in asteroid activity in the solar system

(d) the release of Industrial waste

15: Which layer of atmosphere provides ideal conditions for flying airplanes? 

(a) Troposphere 

(b) Stratosphere

(c) Ionosphere

(d) Exosphere

16: Through which one of the following countries the equator does not pass? 

(a) Tanzania 

(b) Kenya

(c) Zaire

(d) Uganda

17: A-line on a map joining places of equal monthly or yearly rainfall is called? 

(a) Isobar

(b) Isohyet

(c) Isotherm

(d) Isoneph

18: The Earth revolves around the Sun in an elliptical orbit. What its speed is?

(a) Is greatest when it is farthest from the Sun 

(b) greatest when it is closest to the Sun

(c) Remains the same at all points on the orbit 

(d) Goes on decreasing continuously

19: The origin of earth dates back to approximately?

(a) 3.6 billion years 

(b) 4.5 billion years 

(c) 5.6 billion years 

(d) 6.6 billion years

20: The term ‘Ecliptic’ is used for the?

(a) Sun when eclipsed 

(b) Moon when eclipsed

(c) Sun’s path in the sky during a year

(d) Path of Earth around the Sun

21: The Sun always rises in the East because?

(a) It is located in East

(b) The Earth rotates from East to West

(c) The earth rotates from West to East

(d) The earth revolves around the Sun from West to East

22: A ship sailing from Vancouver to Tokyo, crosses the International Date Line on Wednesday, the 8th of November. What will be the next day? 

(a) Sixth of November 

(b) Seventh of November

(c) Ninth of November

(d) Tenth of November

23: Spring tide occurs when the?

(a) Earth, Moon, and the Sun are in a straight line

(b) Sun, Earth, and the Moon are at right angles to each other 

(c) Earth comes near the Sun

(d) Earth is away from the Sun

24: Which of the following words explains a narrow strip of land separating two seas and connecting two landmarks?

(a) Isthmus 

(b) Strait

(c) Bay

(d) Peninsula

25: Presence of which gas in the outermost layer of the atmosphere does not allow ultraviolet rays of the sunlight to reach Earth?

(a) Helium 

(b) Ozone 

(c) Oxygen

(d) Chlorine

26: The second-largest continent (in terms of area) is?

(a) Asia

(b) South

(c) North America 

(d) Africa 

27: The South Pole was discovered by?

(a) Cabot

(b) Robert Peary

(c) Amundsen

(d) None of these

28: The dates on which day and night are equal are?

(a) 21st March and 24th December 

(b) 14th January and 23rd September

(c) 21st March and 23rd September

(d) 14th Jan and 22nd June

29: At which place on earth is there always day and night of an equal duration? 

(a) On the tropic of Cancer 

(b) On the Poles

(c) On the tropic of Capricorn

(d) On the Equator

30: A line on a map joining places having equal atmospheric pressure is called? 

(a) Isotherm

(b) Isobar

(c) Iso Cryme

(d) Isolate

31: The core of the earth is?

(a) Of amorphous material

(b) A vacuum

(c) Metallic

(d) Plastic

32: The important country close to International Date Line is? 

(a) Malaysia

(b) Mauritius 

(c) New Zealand 

(d) Surinam

33: Which of the following towns is situated at the highest altitude?

(a) Lhasa 

(b) Kathmandu

(c) Gartole

(d) Thimphu

34: Winter rain in Kashmir is due to?

(a) South-West monsoon 

(b) Western disturbances

(c) North-East monsoon

(d) Local winds

35: Which is the longest day in the Northern Hemisphere?

 (a) 20th June

(b) 21st June 

(c) 22nd December

(d) 23rd December

36: Equinox refers to?

(a) The area near the Equator

(b) A kind of pox affecting horses

(c) Lines connecting points of equal altitude

(d) Two periods in the year when the days and nights are equal

37: The tide at its maximum height is known as?

(a) Tsunami

(b) Springtide

(c) Equinoxes

(d) Neap tide

38: Where is the coldest place in the world situated?

(a) England 

(b) Greenland

(c) Russia

(d) Antarctica

39: Which place in the world has rainfall?

(a) Africa 

(b) Thar

(c) Mt. Everest

(d) Pamir

40: The International Date Line is an imaginary line extending from pole to pole along with the places on the earth’s surface and lies along the?

(a) 0° meridian 

(b) 45° meridian 

(c) 90° meridian 

(d) 180° meridian 

41: The speed of rotation of the earth is the highest?

(a) Along the Equator 

(b) Along the Tropic of Cancer

(c) Along the Arctic Circle

(d) At the North Pole

42: Flash Point” term is related with the?

(a) Study of water 

(b) Study of climate

(c) Study of Dewdrops

(d) Study of rocks

43: The Captain of the Pakistan Cricket team which defeated England at the Oval in 1954 was?

(a) Fazal Mehmood 

(b) Hanif Muhammad

(c) Abdul Hafeez Kardar

(d) Khan Muhammad

44: About 50% of the world population is concentrated between the latitudes of?

(a) 5°N and 20°N

(b) 20 N and 40°N 

(c) 40°N and 60°N 

(d) 20°S and 40°S

45: The time at any point on the earth’s surface calculated when the sun reaches its highest position in the sky is known as?

(a) Local time

(b) Sidereal time

(c) Solar time

(d) Standard time

46: What will be the time at a place situated at 70° W when it is 4 p.m. at a place situated at 35° E? 

(a) 5 p.m.

(b) 8 p.m.

(c) 11 a.m.

(d) 9 a.m.

47: In the troposphere, the normal lapse rate, ie, the decrease in temperature with height?

(a) 1°C for 155 metres

(b) 1°C for 160 metres

(c) 1°C for 165 meters

(d) 1°C for 170 meters

48: Blind Dolphins are found in?

(a) Ganges River

(b) Nile River

(c) Yangtze River

(d) None

49: When the local time is noon and the time at Greenwich Meridian is 8.00 a.m., the local longitude is?

(a) 60″ east

(b) 60° west

(c) 45° west

(d) 45° east

50: In which one of the following positions does the Earth revolve at a faster rate around the Sun? 

(a) Summer Solstice 

(b) Winter Solstice

(c) Autumnal Equinox 

(d) Vernal Equinox

51: If a magnetic needle is freely suspended at the geographic North Pole?

(a) The needle will remain vertical with its N-pole downward

(b) The needle will remain almost vertical with its N-pole downward

(c)The needle will remain vertical with its S-pole downward

(d) The needle will remain almost vertical with its S-pole downward.

52: the South Pole is located on the continent of?

(a) Africa

(b) Australia

(c) Asia

(d) Antarctica

53: The atmospheric pressure at any place is measured by?

(a) Altimeter 

(b) Pressuremeter

(c) Barometer

(d) Thermometer Which mountain system lies between the

54: the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea? 

(a) The Appalachians 

(b) The Caucasus

(c) The Pyrenees

(d) The Atlas

55: Which of these cities once served as the capital of Japan?

(a) Kobe

(b) Kyoto 

(c) Okinawa

(d) India

56: Which peninsula lies between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov?

(a) Crimean

(b) Iberian

(c) Kamchatka

(d) Yucatan

57: On the banks of which river is the city of London located?

(a) Severn

(b) The Thames

(c) Avon

(d) Humber

58: Which of the following trees is considered the tallest in the world?

(a) Cedar 

(b) Redwood

(c) Eucalyptus

(d) Date palm

59: Which country was earlier known as Siam? 

(a) Indonesia

(b) Somalia 

(c) Thailand

(d) Myanmar

60: Which is the largest country in the Arabian Peninsula?

(a) Oman

(b) Yemen

(c) Saudi Arabia

(d) Kuwait

61: Which river forms the Grand Canyon in the United States? 

(a) Mississippi

(b) Hudson 

(c) Colorado

(d) Columbia

62: Which of these cloud forms is found at the highest altitudes?

(a) Billow

(b) Nacreous

(c) Noctilucent 

(d) Pileus

63: Thickness of the atmosphere around the earth is?

(a) 100 km

(b) 130 km

(c) 145 km

(d) 195 km

64: Atmosphere around the earth maintains its?

(a) Temperature

(b) Pressure

(c) Density

(d) Shape 

65: The layers of the atmosphere are divided into?

(a) Two parts

(b) Three parts

(c) Four parts

(d) Five parts

66: Above the earth’s surface, the troposphere extends to a height of?

(a) 08 km 

(b) 12 km

(c) 20 km

(d) 15 km

67: Which next layer is above the troposphere?

(a) Mesosphere

(b) Stratosphere

(c) Thermosphere 

(d) Space 

68: The mesosphere extended above the earth’s surface is up to?

(a) 60 km

(b) 65 km

(c) 80 km

(d) 85 km

69: Which one of the following phenomena occurs when water vapor condenses around a particle of smoke?

(a) Fog 

(b) Hail

(c) Mist

(d) Smog

70: Lines joining places of the same earthquake intensity are known as? 

(a) Isohyets

(b) Isohels

(c) Isoseismal lines 

(d) Isohalines

71: Canola refers to a special type of oilseed mustard variety bred for human consumption. The main characteristic of these varieties is that the?

(a) Seeds have a very high oil content 

(b) Oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids

(c) Oil has long shelf-life

(d) Oil has very low Erucic acid content

72: Which one of the following lakes forms an international boundary between Tanzania and Uganda?

(a) Chad 

(b) Malawi 

(c) Victoria

(d) The Zambezi

73: Which of the following countries has the highest percentage of land under cultivation?

(a) The U.S.A.

(b) India

(c) China

(d) Canada

74: Which form of iron has got the highest carbon content? 

(a) Mild Steel

(b) Stainless Steel

(c) Wrought Iron 

(d) Cast Iron

75: Rows of trees grown along the coastal areas to reduce the impact of cyclones are known as?

(a) Windbreaks 

(b) Protection 

(c) Mangroves

(d) Shelterbelts

76: What kind of soil is treated with gypsum to make it suitable for cropping?

(a) Alkaline

(b) Acidic

(c) Waterlogged

(d) Soil with excessive clay content

 77: Which of the following is the smallest ocean in the world?

(a) Pacific

(b) Indian

(c) Atlantic

(d) The Arctic

78: Which one of the following is a metamorphic rock?

(a) Granite 

(b) Basalt

(c) Marble

(d) Sandstone

79: According to Simon Winchester’s book, how many Tectonic plates are there on the earth?

(a) 15 

(b) 29

(c) 32

(d) 36

80: All the following are planetary winds except?

(a) Trade winds

(b) The westerlies

(c) Polar winds

(d) The monsoon winds cold

81: Which one of the following parts of deserts and continents is correctly matched?

(a) The Atacama … South America

(b) The Gobi….Asia

(c) Kalahari….Africa

(d) Great Sandy….Australia

82: The production of rubber trees is better adapted to areas where the climate is?

(a) Warm and humid 

(b) Warm and dry 

(c) Cool and moist 

(d) Cool and dry

83: Gulf streams are caused by?

(a) Cyclones

(b) Temperature 

(c) Ocean Pressure

(d) Difference in water level

84: All vital atmospheric processes leading to various climatic and weather conditions take

place in the?

(a) Troposphere

(b) Ionosphere

(c) Exosphere

(d) Stratosphere

85: The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance is?

(a) 25% 

(b) 93% 

(c) 43%

(d) 53%

86: Which one of the following scholars suggested the earth’s origin from gases and dust particles?

(a) James Jeans

(b) H. Alfven

(c) F. Hoyle

(d) O. Schmidt

87: The theory that refers to an explosion about 10 to 15 billion years ago, which most astronomers believe to be the origin of the Universe, is called? 

(a) The Red Shift Theory

(b) Relativity Theory 

(c) Big Bang Theory

(d) Titanic Theory

88: Black holes are stellar objects which?

(a) Emit black body radiation 

(b) Have a weak gravitational field

(c) Have intense gravitational fields 

(d) Have intense magnetic fields.

89: Select the stranger in the group?

(a) Cartograms 

(b) Multiple bars

(c) Weather maps 

(d) Pie diagrams

90: The soil which cracks and shrinks most as it dries is?

(a) Clayey soil 

(b) Porous şoil

(c) Sandy soil

(d) Loamy soil

91: East Timor is now an independent country. Before independence, it was part of?

(a) Taiwan

(b) Malaysia

(c) Thailand

(d) Indonesia

92: Kosovo, is now an independent country, before its independence, it was part of which of the following countries?

(a) Yugoslavia

(b) Albania

(c) Romania.

(d) Bulgaria

93: On the day of the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere, the length of daytime on the Antarctic Circle is?

(a) 12 hours 

(b) 24 hours

(c) zero hour

(d) 6 hours

94: Which of the following sequences represents correctly the different atmospheric layers from the earth’s surface? 

(a) Stratosphere, troposphere, tropopause, ionosphere 

(b) ionosphere, tropopause, troposphere, stratosphere 

(c) Troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, ionosphere

(d) Stratosphere, troposphere, ionosphere. tropopause

95: Days and nights are of equal duration on March 21 at?

(a) The Tropic of Cancer alone

(b) The Tropic of the Equator alone

(c) The Tropic of Capricorn alone 

(d) All parallel of latitude

96: Which of the following is the most porous rock?

(a) Basalt

(b) Granite

(c) Sandstone

(d) Slate

9:. Weathering is?

(a) Breakdown or disintegration of rocks

(b) Formation of soil by fine sand particles

(c) Breaking of the surface of the land by flowing water

(d) Wearing down of rock surface

98: Which type of plants is adapted to grow under drought conditions?

(a) Pteridophytes

(b) Xerophytes

(c) Tropophytes

(d) Hygrophytes

99: Which of the following is the oldest rock?

(a) Quartzite

(b) Ordovician

(c) Carbonatites

(d) Cumbrian

100: Which of the following pairs is correct?

City     River

(a) Baghdad Tigris

(b) Bonn Danube

(c) Rome Seine

(d) Paris Tiber

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